Author Archives: Dan O'Hara

Dan O'Hara

@skeuomorphology

Skeuomorphism in the Journal of the History of Ideas

I’m very gratified – and flattered – to see my work on skeuomorphs feature at the Journal of the History of Ideas, and provide the theoretical basis for original anthropological research. That research – by Christopher B. Lowman, of the Anthropology Department at the University of California, Berkeley – is on the artefacts of the Ainu, an indigenous people of northern Japan.

Wooden tuki and ikupasuy on display in the Ainu Cultural Center, Sapporo. Photo © Christopher B. Lowman

Christopher’s research is utterly fascinating and, from my own narrow point of view, closes a loop of strange attraction I had felt towards Japanese traditions of lacquering, but had not fully understood hitherto.

House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence

House of Lords Select Committee on AI - evidence

I was asked to attend the UK All-Party Parliamentary Group on Artificial Intelligence a while ago, and have been doing so for the last year. It’s been fascinating throughout. Mid-year the House of Lords established a Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence, and I gave evidence, authored with Prof. Shaun Lawson, Dr. Ben Kirman, and Dr. Conor Linehan.

Parliament has now published the evidence and you can read it here.

Prosthetic Envy at the V&A and on BBC5 Live

Engineering the Future

One recent article I published with Tom Ward and Luke Robert Mason is on ‘Prosthetic Envy‘, and can be found in this beautiful book published by the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, made available for free online with the aid of the AHRC Digital Transformations Programme.

BBC5 Live interviewed me on the subject and you can listen to the whole programme on ‘The Future of the Prosthetics Industry’ here.

‘Killer Robots’

Jungle World - Rechnende Colts

In May I spoke at the Science Museum in London about autonomous weapons systems (or ‘killer robots’, as the British press likes to sensationally characterize them). It’s a subject I’ve been doing public events on for the past 23 years, so I was glad to be joined by two people who in my view know what they’re talking about: Mark Bishop, Professor of Cognitive Computing at Goldsmiths and Chair of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour, University of London, and Jon Tepper, the economist and author of Endgame and Code Red.

Why bring a philosopher, a cognitive scientist, and an economist together to talk about such things? The reason is that all are aware of how algorithmic systems with executive power to make life-or-death decisions are already in use across the world. The future of war is already here. In an earlier interview with the German magazine Jungle World, you can read what Mark Bishop and I have to say about the autonomous weapons systems already in use here.

Ballard / McCarthy

BSP logo

A couple of relatively recent conferences/lectures: for J. G. Ballard’s would’ve-been 86th I spoke about ‘Fascism, Demogoguery, and Rhetoric’ at the Society Club in Soho, London, alongside Ballard’s favourite poet Jeremy Reed.

In July I gave a paper at the conference Cormac McCarthy and Philosophy, organized under the auspices of the British Society for Phenomenology. The paper was on “Some Aesthetic Implications of McCarthy’s Conception of the Role of the Unconscious in the Evolution of Forms“, and it’s available as a podcast here, courtesy of the BSP. Indeed you can hear the whole conference on iTunes here.

From Human-Computer Interaction via Robot Sex to Cormac McCarthy

VF Salon Nov 2016

The last academic year began early, with the organizing of the British Human-Computer Interaction conference at the University of Lincoln in July. 250 people from 20 different counties and a live discussion between attendees and Julian Assange chaired by Chris Csikszentmihalyi. The aim was to investigate how interactive technologies fundamentally affect our privacy, rights, and relationships with authority, government and commerce. There wasn’t much public desire to have conversations about these topics at the time, and indeed there was hostility towards such discussion. That these topics are now on the public agenda is no small testament to the patient determination of the principal chairs, Shaun Lawson and Patrick Dickinson.

September and October involved a flurry of public talks, on VR at Dialogue in London; on biology as technology at the University of Arts London; and on the future human at Warwick University’s festival to celebrate its 50th Anniversary.

In early November I spoke about libidinal parasites, the role of art, and broken machines at a special Virtual Futures salon in Soho, London, on ‘Fucking Machines’ – a panel about sex and robots.

Then back to Warwick University for an astonishing conference on Cormac McCarthy organized by Katja Laug, focusing on very close reading of one of the truly great American novels of the 20th century, Blood Meridian, or the Evening Redness in the West. The whole event was filmed: my talk principally about the character of Judge Holden is here; the long and hugely productive roundtable discussion is here.

The Thinking Girl’s Guide to the Robot Apocalypse

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Not many academics can say that they’ve had their research poached by novelists and turned into a seriously successful young adult novel. At the time of writing it’s not far short of a million reads.

I’m A Cyborg’s Pet is a shocking sci-fi BDSM robo-dystopia, inspired by a couple of papers I wrote with Ben Kirman, Conor Linehan, Shaun Lawson, and Laura Buttrick. I do suggest you read it because, whatever version of the future you’re expecting, it’s probably wrong. And nowhere near as funny.

IBM Watson, Futurism NYC

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This summer I spoke about Artificial Intelligence at IBM Watson’s new headquarters at 51 Astor Place in Manhattan, as part of a panel with Douglas Rushkoff, Martine Rothblatt, Steve Fuller, and Michael Krasnicki. It was apparently the first time any ‘outsiders’ – other than corporate clients and press – have been permitted to enter the inner sanctum of the new IBM building.

Trying to explain to the makers of a real Artificial Intelligence what the concept of ‘intelligence’ means turned out to be not so easy, especially when the audience at the small, crazily-high-security event turned out to be more expert than the panel. NYC A-List Hari Kunzru, Lee Child, Kevin Slavin, Carla Gannis, the faculties from NYU, NYTU, Pratt, CUNY – not to mention the IBM insiders… If I’d known in advance who’d be in the audience I might have quailed.

The evening before, I gave a talk about the history of AI at Futurism NYC on Wall Street. A couple of the participants there persuaded me to shave my head so that I could have my cranium scanned, and I’m now apparently 20% of the Megadome, which is the template for the Ultracortex. No, I can’t explain. But the Open Brain-Computer Interface founders at @OpenBCI can.

NESTA Hot Topics – Futurefest – London Tech Week

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…and back in London, finally, I spoke at the NESTA/Futurefest event Ready Player Two. It was about the future of Virtual Reality, but I tended more towards the past, talking about Ancient Egyptian belief systems that simulated an AI-like surveillance system and, to the mild consternation of the audience, what Immanuel Kant has to say about VR.

The panel consisted of Jess Bland moderating, Luciana Haill, Rob Morgan, and Zillah Watson – a really adventurous combination of journalistic, artistic, and gaming narrative competence. More panels should be this varied.

NESTA did a great job on this one, though the attendees made the day: when the audience realized that the event wasn’t being livestreamed, they simply self-organized themselves into a team using Periscope to stream it themselves! A Storify is here, and photos are on NESTA’s FB page.

Brain Bar Budapest

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Last week I was in Budapest to talk about the history of AI at the astonishing Brain Bar Budapest. It’s only their first year, but @BrainBarBP already looks like a world-class festival. Alongside my NCH colleague Niall Ferguson (as a hologram!), Sugata Mitra, Benjamin Bratton, Philip Zimbardo, Pia Mancini, and Steve Fuller, among others, we debated the many possible futures of humanity.